During my first plays with Raspberry Pi 3 I wanted to have a flexible ways of powering my board with different power supplies.
There are two ways to power Raspberry Pi 3:
- using micro USB socket – the best way, but you have to use charger with mounted micro USB male plug at the end of power cable. The RPi is also protected by fuse and power protection circuit.
- Using GPIO pin header – easy to power from a variety of different power supplies using standard 2.54 mm female connector. Unfortunately this connections (GPIO2 and GPIO4) are bypassing 5V protection circuit and fuse, so using this pins carries a certain amount of risk of breaking your RPi.
I bought an industrial power supply Mean Well MDR-20-5 with 3.0A output,
so I needed to make my own power cable to power my PRi that will use power protection circuit on board.
So I bought:
22 AWG wire should be good for powering RPi, because it can handle up to 7A (Maximum amps for chassis wiring parameter form table)
First thing is to find a micro USB male pinout (source):
Now It is easy, just soldering pin 1 and 5 to power cable.
But STOP, do not power the PRi yet, you should test If wires are soldered correctly.
Use any multimeter with continuity testing feature.
First connect new power cable to RPi.
Second connect one multimeter probe to your 5V wire end and test continuity with second probe on:
- first pin of micro USB female socket on RPi
- test points PP1 and PP2
Third connect one multimeter probe to your GND wire end and test continuity with second probe on:
- fifth pin of micro USB female socket on RPi
- test points PP3, PP4, PP5 and PP6